The idea of using a box to transport goods is not revolutionary. But what makes the shipping container unique is its standardized size. Before that innovation, mismatched containers and the lack of an integrated system for moving goods slowed shipments. The first attempt to standardize containers is attributed to the trucking entrepreneur Malcolm McLean. In […]
RELATED: Before D.N.A. testing, prosecutors relied on less sophisticated forensic techniques, including microscopic hair analysis, to put criminals behind bars. Hair analysis was discredited in 1996, but many people whose convictions hinged on hair analysis remain in prison today.
“The energy crisis is when the United States realized that they are no longer in control of global oil,” said Dr. Sarah Stanford-Mcintyre, an assistant professor at the University of Colorado. “There’s a big call by President Carter to make a switch to alternative fuel sources. It happens at the height of the environmental movement, […]
Workers abided by a no-strike pledge until the end of the war. But afterward, they mobilized to seek higher wages and better conditions. The largest strike wave in U.S. history swept the country between 1945 and 1946, with more than 4 million workers walking off the job. Strikers included industrial workers, film crews and automotive […]
Areas that were razed to make way for highways often lacked the political influence to fight back, but by the 1960s, freeway revolts erupted around the country, which put a stop to some construction. The revolts started in San Francisco, and prevented construction in places like Boston, Memphis, Baltimore and New York, (notably in Little […]
For many Americans, the speech was an introduction to the harsh gender restrictions imposed by the Taliban. Women and girls were forbidden fromattending school or working, although thousands did so secretly. Girls were forced into marriages. Mrs. Bush said the invasion had brought immediate progress: “Because of our recent military gains, in much of Afghanistan […]